Feb. 4, 1913: Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama.
1932: She marries Raymond Parks, a 29-year-old barber.
1943: Rosa Parks is elected secretary of the Montgomery branch of the
1945: Rosa Parks registers to vote.
1954: The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of
Education of Topeka, Kan., unanimously agreeing that segregation in
public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-scale
Dec. 1, 1955: Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man
and is arrested.
Dec. 5, 1955: Rosa Parks is fined $14 and the case goes to trial. More
than 5,000 people pack Holt Street Baptist Church in Montgomery and
pass a resolution to continue the boycott.
Jan. 4, 1956: As the boycott continues, the Montgomery City Commission
doubles bus fares to 20 cents; children's fares raised to 10 cents.
Jan. 30, 1956: The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s home is bombed. Montgomery
City Commission issues $500 reward in connection with bombing.
Feb. 1, 1956: A lawsuit is filed in federal court.
April 30, 1956: Montgomery City Commission reaffirms its commitment
to segregated seating on city buses.
June 4, 1956: Three federal judges vote 2-1 to strike down Montgomery
bus segregation ordinances as unconstitutional.
Nov. 13, 1956: U.S. Supreme Court rules that segregation of city buses
Dec. 20 1956: Federal injunctions are served on the city, enforcing
the Supreme Court's ruling on public transportation.
Dec. 21, 1956: Black Montgomerians end boycott of the bus system.7
Jan.-Feb. 1957: King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth
establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King
is made the first president. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing
the civil rights movement.
1957: Parks and her husband move to Detroit.
Aug. 28, 1963: Rosa Parks joins in the March on Washington, where Martin
Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech before
a crowd of about 250,000 at the Lincoln Memorial.
1965: Rosa Parks begins working in the office of Rep. John Conyers,
D-Mich. After serving as an administrative assistant more than 20 years,
she retired in 1988. Parks worked with Conyers on making Martin Luther
King Jr. Day a national holiday.
1977: Parks' husband, Raymond Parks, dies. Her brother, Sylvester,
1979: Rosa Parks receives prestigious Spingarn Award, the NAACP's highest
honor for civil rights contributions. Parks' mother, Leona McCauley
1987: Rosa Parks helps establish the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute
for Self-Development, which motivates youth to reach their potential.
"I see the energy of young people as a real force for change,"
she wrote in her 1996 book, "Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue With Today's
1992: Publishes her first book, "Rosa Parks: My Story" (New
York: Dial Books) with Jim Haskins.
1994: Her memoir, "Quiet Strength," is published. Parks takes
a trip to Japan; receives doctorate degree from Soka University. Travels
to Stockholm, Sweden, to receive Rosa Parks Peace Prize and light the
Aug. 30, 1994: Parks is attacked and beaten in her home by an African-American
man who wanted money and apparently did not recognize her. She wrote
after the incident, "I pray for this young man and the conditions
in our country that have made him this way."
1996: Rosa Parks receives highest U.S. civilian honor, the Presidential
Medal of Freedom.
1999: Parks receives the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor from a bill
widely supported by both houses of Congress. A lawsuit is filed on her
behalf against BMG Entertainment, claiming the label allowed hip-hop
duo Outkast to use her name without her permission for commercial purposes
in their 1998 song "Rosa Parks." The suit was settled in 2005.
Dec. 1, 2000: The dedication and grand opening of Troy State University-Montgomery's
Rosa Parks Museum and Library.
2002: CBS shows television movie about her life, "The Rosa Parks
Story" starring Angela Bassett.
Oct. 24, 2005: Rosa Parks dies at 92.